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Philippines Independence Day, a celebration of Filipino Heroism

Philippines Independence Day – Alapan 1 Elementary School

Independence Day (Filipino: Araw ng Kasarinlán; also known as Araw ng Kalayaan, “Freedom Day”) is an annual national holiday in the Philippines celebrated on June 12, commemorating the Philippine independence declaration in Spain in 1898.

The first recorded event related to this holiday was where Andres Bonifacio, along with Emilio Jacinto, Restituto Javier, Guillermo Masangkay, Aurelio Tolentino, Faustino Manalak, Pedro Zabala and a few other Katipuneros went to Pamitinan Cave -Montalban, Rizal to start new members of Katipunan. Bonifacio has written Viva la independentencia Philippines! or Long Live Philippine to stand on the walls of a cave to expose the secret of their secret society. Bonifacio also led the Cry of Pugad Lawin, marking the beginning of the Philippine Revolution. Members of Katipunan, led by Bonifacio, tore up their cedulas personales in protest of the Spanish conquest.

History of Philippines Independence Day

The Philippine Revolution began in 1896. The Biak-na-Bato Treaty, signed on December 14, 1897, established a treaty between the Spanish colonial government and the Philippine rebels. Under its terms, Emilio Aguinaldo and other revolutionary leaders went into exile in Hong Kong after receiving 400,000 pesos from the Spanish Government.

When the Spanish-American War broke out, Commodore George Dewey sailed from Hong Kong to Manila Bay leading the US Navy Asiatic Squadron. On May 1, 1898, Dewey defeated the Spanish in the Battle of Manila Bay, which successfully placed the US in control of the Spanish colonial government. Later that month, the U.S. The Navy sent Aguinaldo back to the Philippines. Aguinaldo arrived on Cavite May 19, 1898.

On June 5, 1898, Aguinaldo issued a proclamation at his then-house residence known as Cavite El Viejo declaring June 12, 1898, as a day of liberation. The Acta de la Proclamacion de la Independencia del Pueblo Filipino was read aloud by its author, Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista, Aguinaldo’s military adviser and special envoy. The 21-page proclamation was signed by 98 Filipinos, nominated by Aguinaldo, and by a retired U.S. military official, Colonel L. M. Johnson. [10] The Philippine flag was officially unveiled for the first time at about 4:30 p.m., as the Marcha Nacional Filipina was played by the San Francisco de Malabon team.

The proclamation was first approved by the presidents of 190 municipalities from 16 provinces controlled by the rebel army on August 1, 1898, and re-ratified on September 29, 1898, by the Congress of Malolos.

The Philippines has failed to gain international recognition for its independence, especially from the United States of America and Spain. The Spanish government later granted the Philippine archipelago to the United States by the 1898 Treaty of Paris. The Philippine Revolutionary Government rejected the treaty, and both sides fought in what came to be known as the Philippine-American War.

The United States of America granted the Philippines independence on July 4, 1946. In accordance with the Philippine Independence Act (commonly known as the “Tydings – McDuffie Law”), President Harry S. Truman issued the proclamation 2695 on July 4, 1946. officially recognizing the independence of the Philippines. On the same day, the Manila Convention was signed.

The flag of the United States of America was lowered while the Philippine flag was flown during the Independence Day celebrations on July 4, 1946. July 4 was chosen as the day by the United States because it coincided with the United States Independence Day, and that day was celebrated in the Philippines as Independence Day until 1962. On May 12, 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued the Proclamation to President No. 28, which declared June 12 a special public holiday throughout the Philippines, “… in commemoration of the declaration of our people of their fundamental and inalienable right to freedom and independence.” On August 4, 1964, Republic Act No. 4166 renamed the July 4 holiday “Philippine Republic Day”, declared June 12 “Philippine Independence Day”, and ordered all Filipino citizens to keep the latest in good manners.

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