Lesson Plan in DepEd is one way of planning learning and teaching interaction with the classroom. Lesson planning is a way of visualizing a lesson before it is taught. Lesson planning involves “predicting, anticipating, sequencing, and simplifying.” Lesson planning is a critical part of the teaching and learning process.
The main goal of the Department of Education (DepEd) in requiring teachers to have a lesson plan is effective learning. Lesson planning helps teachers set learning goals for students. It also helps teachers ensure that students achieve these goals. By planning lessons, teachers can ensure that daily classroom activities lead to student progress and achievement or the achievement of learning outcomes.
DepEd said that lesson plan or planning is a sign of effective teaching. As mentioned, effective teachers organize and plan instruction to ensure student success in the classroom.
Read: DepEd Order 42 s 2016 Policy Guidelines on Daily Lesson Preparation
- Identifying clear lesson and learning objectives while carefully linking activities to them, is essential for effectiveness
- Creating quality assignments, which is positively associated with quality instruction and quality student work
- Planning lessons that have clear goals are logically structured, and progress through the content step-by-step
- Planning the instructional strategies to be deployed in the classroom and the timing of these strategies
- Using advance organizers, graphic organizers, and outlines to plan for effective instructional delivery
- Considering student attention spans and learning styles when designing lessons
- Systematically developing objectives, questions, and activities that reflect higher-level and lower-level cognitive skills as appropriate for the content and the student.
- As stated previously, the basic parts of a lesson plan include a beginning, middle, and end. These are referred to as Before the Lesson, the Lesson Proper, and After the Lesson.
- Before the Lesson. This is the lesson opening or the “beginning” of lesson implementation. Before the actual lesson starts, the teacher can do a variety of things including but not limited to the following: a) review the previous lesson/s; b) clarify concepts from the previous lesson that learners had difficulty understanding; c) introduce the new lesson; d) inform the class of the connection between the old and new lesson and establish a purpose for the new lesson; and e) state the new lesson’s objectives as a guide for the learners.
- This part of the lesson is the time to check learners’ background knowledge on the new lesson. It can also be a time to connect the new lesson to what learners already know. It is during this time that teachers are encouraged to get learners to be interested in the new lesson through the use of “start-up” or “warm-up” activities. Teachers should also allow learners to ask questions about the new lesson at this time to assess if learners understand the purpose of learning the new lesson.
- The Lesson Proper. This is the “middle” or main part of the lesson. During this time, the teacher presents the new material to the class. This is the time when a teacher “explains, models, demonstrates, and illustrates the concepts, ideas, skills, or processes that students will eventually internalize” (Teach for America 2011). This is also the part of the lesson in which teachers convey new information to the learners, help them understand and master that information, provide learners with feedback, and regularly check for learners’ understanding. If teachers require more time to teach a certain topic, then this part of the lesson can also be a continuation of a previously introduced topic.
- After the Lesson. This is the lesson closing or the “end” of the lesson. This can be done through different “wrap-up” activities. Teachers can provide a summary of the lesson or ask students to summarize what they have learned. Teachers can also ask learners to recall the lesson’s key activities and concepts. The lesson closing is meant to reinforce what the teacher has taught and assess whether or not learners have mastered the day’s lesson.
Lesson Plan Exemplar is an exceptional example of a teacher’s “roadmap” for a lesson. It contains a detailed description of the steps a teacher will take to teach a particular topic. It contains the following parts: Objectives, Content, Learning Resources, Procedures, Remarks, and Reflection.
|Grade 1 Lesson Plan Exemplar||Download|
|Grade 2 Lesson Plan Exemplar||Download|
|Grade 3 Lesson Plan Exemplar||Download|
|Grade 4 Lesson Plan Exemplar||Download|
|Grade 5 Lesson Plan Exemplar||Download|
|Grade 6 Lesson Plan Exemplar||Download|